Kendriya Vidyalaya (in Hindi : केन्द्रीय विद्यालय) is a system of Central Government schools under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. The system came into being in 1962 under the name "Central Schools" and has been affiliated with CBSE since then. Later, the name was changed to Kendriya Vidyalaya.

Kendriya Vidyalaya, IIT Kharagpur was founded in the year 1968. This is a civil sector co-education school under the Kolkata region of the KVS, is one of the most prestigious institutions of learning in Kharagpur. Blissfully standing on imposing three-storied buildings, the school is located inside of the IIT Kharagpur Campus. It is a co-educational institution. It has classes from I to XII.